Periodontics is an area of dentistry that deals with the condition of the gums that surround your teeth. Periodontal (or gum) disease is a leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the United States. It is important to maintain regular periodontic care to preserve healthy teeth at all ages.
Gum disease occurs when bacteria along the gum line form and multiply. These bacteria usually form behind a layer of hardened plaque called tartar. When this occurs, the bacteria release toxins that irritate the gums, resulting in tissue pulling away from the surface of the tooth, exposing the lower portion of the tooth. The bacteria can also travel downward, invading the root of the tooth and causing tooth loss.
Frequent and routine cleanings to assist in the elimination of tartar and harmful bacteria is recommended in the early stage of gum disease, also known as gingivitis. With more serious cases, deeper cleaning methods are used including root scaling and planing, which are techniques that reach below the gum and around the roots of the teeth. If necessary, antibiotics may also be used to help eliminate the harmful bacteria.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!